Study References

  1. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. COPD: management of COPD disease in adults in primary and secondary care. Clinical Guideline 12. United Kingdom 2010.

  2. Rabe KF, Hurd S, Anzueto A, Barnes PJ, Buist SA, Calverley P, et al. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;176(6):532-55.

  3. Vollenweider DJ, Jarrett H, Steurer-Stey CA, Garcia-Aymerich J, Puhan MA. Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;12:Cd010257.

  4. Celli BR, Barnes PJ. Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2007.

  5. Rohde G, Wiethege A, Borg I, Kauth M, Bauer TT, Gillissen A, et al. Respiratory viruses in exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring hospitalisation: a case-control study. 2003.

  6. Costelloe C, Metcalfe C, Lovering A, Mant D, Hay AD. Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance in individual patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2010;340:c2096.

  7. Ding X, Wu X, Yu C, Hu S. Value of C-reactive protein measurement in hospitalized patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. [Chinese]. Medical Journal of Wuhan University. 2006;27(5):660-3.

  8. Weis N, Almdal T. C-reactive protein — can it be used as a marker of infection in patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? European Journal of Internal Medicine. 2006;17(2):88-91.

  9. Peng C, Tian C, Zhang Y, Yang X, Feng Y, Fan H. C-reactive protein levels predict bacterial exacerbation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Med Sci. 2013;345(3):190-4.

  10. Daniels JMA, Schoorl M, Snijders D, Knol DL, Lutter R, Jansen HM, et al. Procalcitonin vs C-reactive protein as predictive markers of response to antibiotic therapy in acute exacerbations of COPD. Chest. 2010;138(5):1108-15.

  11. Bafadhel M, Clark TW, Reid C, Medina MJ, Batham S, Barer MR, et al. Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in hospitalized adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia or exacerbation of asthma or COPD. Chest. 2011;139(6):1410-8.

  12. Llor C, Moragas A, Hernandez S, Bayona C, Miravitlles M. Efficacy of antibiotic therapy for acute exacerbations of mild to moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2012;186(8):716-23.